The Cradock 4

GARDEN OF REMEMBRANCE

 

The Cradock 4 Garden of Remembrance has been established in memory of the Cradock Four Heroes – Matthew Goniwe, Sicelo Mhlawuli, Sparrow Mkhonto, and Fort Calata.

Not only is it in memory of the four, it is also in memory of others who suffered or died for the freedom of the people of South Africa. These people are honoured in this institution by having their names inscribed on the Wall of Remembrance.

  • Left: Fort Calata’s parents stand at his grave site in the barren windswept area where the Lingelihle community buries its dead. Image: David Goldblatt/ South Photographs/ Africa Media Online
  • Right: Guards of honour for Matthew Goniwe, Fort Calata, Sicelo Mhlawuli, and Sparrow Mkhonto, the ‘Cradock Four’ who were assassinated in June 1985. Image: Gille de Vlieg/ South Photographs/ Africa Media Online
  • Left: Funeral Speeches were delivered by leading black political figure Dr Allan Boesak, white clergyman Rev. Bruce Evans, Anglican bishop of Port Elizabeth, and Dr Beyers Naudé, who are seen carried into the funeral. Image: David Goldblatt/ South Photographs/ Africa Media Online
  • Right: Huge red banner emblazoned with the Hammer and Sickle marched into the 1985 funeral of the Cradock Four. Image: David Goldblatt/ South Photographs/ Africa Media Online

The Cradock Four were members of the Cradock Residents Association (CRADORA) which was affiliated with the United Democratic Front (UDF) which was established on the 20th of August 1983. The UDF, with its affiliates, embarked on a national democratic struggle to dismantle apartheid in its totality.

The names of the Cradock Four are on this wall with that of Canon James Arthur Calata. During his time in the ANC he made Cradock an epicentre of national resistance against segregation and apartheid. Cradock in the early 1980s became again an epicentre of the national democratic struggle against oppression of Africans, Coloureds, and Indians. It became a model of organisation for the liberation movement with its Matthew Goniwe Plan (MG Plan).

  • Left: A relative timeline of South Africa’s history
  • Right: The Preamble of the Constitution Act 108 of 1996 honouring the Cradock 4
  • Left: Black Sash members (L-R: Margaret Nash, Molly Blackburn, Ethel Walt, Joyce Harris) welcomed to the funeral of the Cradock Four. Image: Gille de Vlieg/ South Photographs/ Africa Media Online
  • Right: The banned SACP banner displayed at the funeral of the Cradock Four, who were assassinated by Apartheid security forces on 27 June 1985. Gille de Vlieg/ South Photographs/ Africa Media Online